Under Debian Linux startup files are stored in /etc/init.d/ directory.

Debian uses scripts to start services at boot time from /etc/init.d/ directory.

I will show two ways with which you can remove unwanted startup files or services:

Firts is rcconf :

Rcconf gets a list of services from /etc/init.d and looks in the /etc/rc?.d directories to determine whether each service is on or off.


apt-get install rccconf


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iftop is a command-line system monitor tool that produces a frequently-updated list of network connections. By default, the connections are ordered by bandwidth usage, with only the “top” bandwidth consumers shown. iftop must be run with sufficient permissions to monitor all network traffic on the interface.

Step 1. Installation.

apt-get install iftop

Step 2. Usage.

iftop is easy to use if you just want to see your current network connections and how much bandwidth is being used by each remote host.

Simply launch it from the command line, passing the -i option with the interface you want to monitor, and optionally the -B option to display values in bytes.

Some other options:

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The openSUSE Project has released the final version of openSUSE 11.3, the latest release of their popular Linux distribution, adding a number of package updates and new features over the previous 11.2 release from November of 2009.

11.3 is here

The openSUSE Project is pleased to announce the release of the latest incarnation of openSUSE, with support for 32-bit and 64-bit systems. openSUSE 11.3 is packed with new features and updates including SpiderOak to sync your files across the Internet for free, Rosegarden for free editing of your audio files, improved indexing with Tracker, and updates to Mozilla Firefox, and Thunderbird.

Among these many new features, openSUSE also provides support for netbooks and the Btrfs file system support. Users can expect to see improved hardware support with the 2.6.34 Linux kernel and updated graphics drivers. And support for the next generation of interactive computing for touchscreens like the HP TouchSmart.

openSUSE continues its tradition of delivering the popular KDE, GNOME and Xfce desktop environments, and now also provides the lightweight LXDE desktop environment. With GNOME, you can use the latest 2.30.1 version or take your installation for a drive with a preview of the upcoming GNOME 3.0. Or choose KDE SC 4.4.4 for the latest updates. They all feature the polish and integration that the openSUSE distro has been known for.

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Trickle is a portable lightweight userspace bandwidth shaper. It can run in collaborative mode (together with trickled) or in stand alone mode.
Currently, trickle supports the shaping of any SOCK_STREAM (see socket(2)) connection established via the socket(2) interface. Furthermore, trickle will not work with stati-cally linked executables, nor with setuid(2) executables. trickle is highly configurable; download and upload rates can be set separately, or in an aggregate fashion.

Step 1. Installation.

apt-get install trickle

Step 2. Usage of trickle.

trickle  -d 200  apt-get upgrade

Launch apt-get upgrade limiting its  download capacity at 20o KB/s.

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Valic —  July 24, 2010 — Leave a comment

The FreeBSD Release Engineering Team is pleased to announce the availability of
FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE. This is the second release from the 8-STABLE branch which improves
on the functionality of FreeBSD 8.0 and introduces some new features. Some of the

  • zfsloader added
  • zpool version of ZFS subsystem updated to version 14
  • NFSv4 ACL support in UFS and ZFS; support added to cp(1), find(1), getfacl(1), mv(1),
    and setfacl(1) utilities
  • UltraSPARC IV/IV+, SPARC64 V support
  • SMP support in PowerPC G5
  • BIND 9.6.2-P2
  • sendmail updated to 8.14.4
  • OpenSSH updated to 5.4p1
  • GNOME 2.30.1, KDE 4.4.5

For a complete list of new features and known problems, please see the online release
notes and errata list available at:

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